What Is Myopia?
Myopia, or nearsightedness, is a common eye condition that makes it hard to see at a distance, the more myopia the blurrier you see at distance and the thicker your glasses become.
Children who have untreated myopia may hold books close to their face, sit too close to the TV, or frequently squint in the classroom and will cause serious problems at school performance.
Myopia is caused by eye shape. When an eye is perfectly round, light reflects directly onto the retina for clear vision. However, when the eye is longer or has a mismatched corneal curve, the light focuses in front of the retina and vision is blurry.
Many children have myopia that worsens as they grow, but with myopia management, that doesn’t have to happen and Dr. Cuba will explain your options as a parent specially if you come to our office several times and we see a trend of continuously increase on prescription
What Does Myopia Management Mean?
Myopia management is a treatment that delays the progression of myopia in children (and, less commonly, in young adults).
At Mi Vision Eye Care, Dr Cuba may recommend myopia management for children who currently need corrective lenses as it can prevent their myopia from getting worse.
Myopia management treatments can change eye structure and focus, which relieves stress and eye fatigue to stop myopia in its tracks.
Children who need major vision correction early in life are more likely to develop serious eye problems like cataracts, glaucoma, and detached retina as an adult, and myopia management may also help prevent these issues.
What Are The Options For Myopia Management?
Dr Cuba will discuss your best option for Myopia management or we could try different ones until we reach the results we want, they could be:
Low doses of atropine eye drops can potentially reduce focusing fatigue (and therefore, myopia) by relaxing the eye’s focusing mechanism. This is the last option due to comfort and side effects but still one of the strongest options for Myopia reduction and can not be disregarded.
Multifocal lenses, which contain more than one prescription within the lens, can slow myopia progression for some children by refocusing light on the retina. Both multifocal glasses and contacts are available. We usually start with this option if parents want their kids to start using contacts at early age.
Orthokeratology, or ortho-k, are gas-permeable contact lenses that reshape your child’s cornea. Your child wears ortho-k lenses overnight, which creates a temporary improvement allowing them to see without glasses during the day. Consistent ortho-k use can reduce eye elongation and may thus control myopia progression long-term.
- Daily Disposable Contacts
The FDA recently cleared the first soft contact lens for myopia management. These lenses correct your child’s refractive error while reducing eye elongation using a patented lens technology.
- Glasses for Myopia Management
New products emerge to the market every year with better options for special glasses for managing myopia such progressives, dual powers and sometimes blended bifocals since we understand contacts sometimes may have side effects and glasses are also a good option for the management of myopia.